Chronic Kidney Disease – The Common Causes
Chronic kidney disease, also known as chronic kidney failure, refers to the gradual loss of kidney functionality over time. Your kidneys process toxins and excess wastes from your bloodstream, which then become excreted within your urine. However, if chronic kidney disease progresses to an advanced stage, harmful levels of wastes, fluids, and electrolytes can build up within your body. If this occurs, you may develop serious problems such as organ failure and a risk for urinary tract infections.
The two major indicators that reveal the presence of chronic kidney disease are the presence of persistent and recurrent symptoms and the presence of advanced signs or conditions. Persistent symptoms are those that occur on a daily basis, such as pain in the lower back or the abdomen, fever, chills and fatigue. Recurrent symptoms are those that develop after you already have developed some kind of kidney damage, such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels that are higher than normal, blood in the urine or in the stool or blood in the toilet bowl. Advanced conditions include kidney failure, kidney stones and a decreased kidney function.
Chronic kidney damage typically develops slowly over months to years. Although some symptoms and signs tend to appear quickly, in many cases, the slower progression of Chronic Kidney Disease is thought to be due to the fact that some symptoms take longer to develop. Here are some of the more common symptoms of the disease:
Chronic Kidney Disease Symptoms
* Symptoms such as abdominal pain and discomfort are often experienced first during the initial stages of chronic kidney disease. However, in the later stages, these symptoms can lead to other problems, such as urinary tract infections. * Symptoms such as anorexia, nausea, and vomiting are frequently experienced during the initial stages of Chronic Kidney Disease. However, in the later stages, these symptoms can lead to other problems, such as bone pain and fractures. * Signs and symptoms such as constipation can occur at any time of the day or night. In the early stages, however, these problems can lead to dehydration and a lack of nutrition, but by the later stages can lead to weakness, frequent diarrhea, fatigue, and dehydration.
* There are two phases of Chronic Kidney Disease. The first phase, known as the end-stage kidney damage, can last for many years and is characterised by a weakened immune system, kidney failure and the buildup of protein and oxalate crystals within the kidney. As the end-stage progressed, there will be little that can be done to prevent kidney damage, and if the end-stage kidney damage reaches the late stages, there will be no cure for the condition. In the later stages, once protein and oxalate crystals have formed in the kidney, there will be little that can be done to prevent the progression to advanced end-stage kidney failure.
Chronic Kidney Disease Stages
* Progression to chronic kidney disease can be very gradual. If it is left untreated, the end-stage kidney damage can progress over many years, with little sign of recovery. Patients in this stage of the illness will need various medications to help them through their symptoms, including dialysis, and the kidneys will be forced to function at a lower level to compensate for the lack of protein and oxalate production. As well as the kidney becoming damaged, infection can develop, causing blood poisoning and anemia. If not treated in time, this progression can cause kidney failure and kidney transplants may become necessary.
* Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of Chronic Kidney Disease. Chronic Kidney Disease can also be caused by polyps in the colon, ureteral blockages, peritoneal mesothelioma, or an inherited metabolic disorder. Polyps are present in the lining of the gut (called peritoneal mesothelioma), which can cause bladder or kidney problems if they block the tubule channel (the portal vein) and result in urine leaking into the abdomen. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of Chronic Kidney Disease.
Chronic Kidney Disease Pathophysiology
The kidney biopsy procedure is done to detect and evaluate the progression of the disease. If you have Chronic Kidney Disease, you will undergo several tests, including a CT scan, an MRI, an ultrasound, and a blood test. This will help the doctors determine the progression and the severity of your kidneys, based on the results of these tests. They will look for kidney abnormalities such as cysts and tumors. If you have diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of Chronic Kidney Disease, your kidneys may be having additional complications that affect their performance.