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What Are The Early Stages Of Lyme Disease?

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease Symptoms

Lyme Disease, also known as Lyme bacterium, is a bacterium caused by infection caused by tick bites. Symptoms include fever, severe headache, increased sensitivity to light, muscle and joint pain, skin rash resembling eczema, fatigue, and a rash resembling rabbit fur. Once untreated, an infection can eventually spread to the heart, joints, and other body organs. Lyme disease is usually diagnosed based on signs, symptoms, and possible exposure to infected ticks.

Lyme Disease Definition

There are several theories regarding the cause of this infection. One is the reaction of white blood cells to a certain protein found in black-legged ticks. The theory states that these white blood cells react because the tick has introduced bacteria or fungi into the body through the bite. Another theory suggests that the causative agent of this infection enters the human system through tick bites. Regardless of which theory is correct, the symptoms of Lyme disease are similar to many other illnesses, making it difficult to diagnose correctly.

Diagnosing Lyme disease at its early stages is crucial. In most cases, doctors will conduct tests such as blood tests, urine tests, and microscopic examination of tissue samples. Because Lyme disease usually takes between two and eight weeks to develop before symptoms appear, it is critical to determine if the infection has been properly diagnosed. If symptoms are experienced, the doctor will generally order a series of tests to identify the infection. These include urinalysis, blood tests, Lyme disease spirochete culture, blood test analysis, and PCR analysis.

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The first step in the process of determining if a tick bite has resulted in an infection is to obtain a medical history. In addition to obtaining a medical history, patients should also obtain details about possible co-workers or other contacts they had with the patient, including details about any prior illness or medications they may have had. After completing these steps, the physician will gather all information regarding the patient’s symptoms. Among the common ailments experienced after contracting Lyme disease are arthritis, muscle and joint pain, dizziness, headache, fever, and swollen lymph glands. For patients experiencing any of these symptoms, tests will be conducted to determine if there is a possibility that the symptoms are associated with another condition, or a complication of Lyme disease.

Patients experiencing neurological complications resulting from untreated Lyme disease may develop neurological complaints such as seizures, difficulty with eye movement or swallowing, problems with balance and coordination, flu-like symptoms, loss of consciousness, paralysis, or unconsciousness. Patients may experience these neurological complications after having been treated with antibiotics, or if the bacteria involved in Lyme infection has not been fully destroyed following the administration of antibiotics. Neuropathy due to untreated Lyme disease may also develop several weeks after the bite.

If a physician detects that the symptoms are indeed related to Lyme disease after seeing signs of redness, warmth, or swelling along with a red-and-white domain appearance on the skin, he or she will most likely require a Lyme test or Lyme disease test (formed by Combination Lyme testing or Lyme infection testing), in order to confirm the diagnosis. These tests involve taking blood samples from the area of the bite, using laboratory techniques to identify antibodies in the blood (for instance, seroconversion assays), or performing a bite test, where a fluorescent dye is injected onto the skin. The presence of the antibodies indicates that the skin had been exposed to ticks prior to the onset of symptoms. Lyme disease testing is typically done on all patients whose symptoms have lasted for two or more weeks.

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Lyme Disease Causes

Dogs can be exposed to ticks on their owner’s or pet’s dogs, which may then be transmitted to humans. This is why it is critical to examine your pets regularly for ticks, whether you believe they have contracted the disease or not. An early detection system is particularly important for larger breeds and certain types of dogs like Saint Bernards, German Shepherds, Rottweilers, Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, and English Bulldogs, as these breeds are known carriers of this tick-borne disease. Lyme disease can also affect humans, as well, especially if the infected dog has frequent close contact with people who are infected.

Lyme Disease Treatment

When the symptoms begin to appear, treatment should commence promptly to avoid further complications. At first, antibiotics are usually administered to alleviate the symptoms, such as fever, joint pain, and lethargy. Anti-inflammatory drugs, like ibuprofen and aspirin, may be prescribed to reduce joint pain. To prevent serious complications from developing, blood tests should be performed to detect possible infections caused by ticks. Lyme disease can be controlled, however, by early detection and prompt treatment.

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